Windows Tips

   User Account Management:

   1. Start > Run
   2. type "control userpasswords2"

   Creating a User Account:

   1. Start > Run
   2. Type "cmd"
   3. Type "net user account_name password"

   Basic Commands:

   1. Window Task Manager
       Ctrl + alt + del or
       Ctrl + shift + esc

   Blocking IP addresses or websites:

   1. My computer > C: > Windows > System 32 > drivers > etc > hosts
   2. Open the hosts file.
   3. To block a website (e.g., add
       at the end of the hosts file.
   4. Save the file.

   Shutdown Shortcut:

   1. Right-click the mouse on the desktop
   2. Select "New" and choose "Shortcut"
   3. Type shutdown -s -t 60 -c "comment here"    Note: 60 is in terms of seconds
   4. Click "Next"
   5.Type a name for the shutdown shortcut
   6. RIght-click the shortcut and select properties
   7. Select "Change icon" and click "ok"
   8. Choose an icon
   9. To cancel shutdown:
        a. Click "Start"
        b. Select "Run"
        c. Type "cmd" and click "ok"
        d. Type "shutdown -a" and press enter

   Making a virus:

   1. Right-click the mouse on the desktop
   2. Select "New" and click "Text document"
   3. Rename the document
   4. Type the following:
        @echo off
        echo comments
        echo more comments
        echo shutdown -s -t 60 -c "comment here"
   5. Select "File" and click "Save as..."
   6. Type "filename.bat" and click "Save"

   Provide password for folder:

   1. Right-click the folder
   2. Select "send to" and click "compressed (zipped)"
   3. Open the new compressed folder
   4. Click "File" and click "add a password option"

   Invisible Folder:

   1. Right-click the mouse
   2. Select "New" and click "folder"
   3. Press alt + 255 while renaming the folder
   4. Right click the folder and click "Properies"
   5. Select "Customize" and click "Change icon"

   Quicken Start-up Menu:

   1. Righ-click the desktop and click "Properties"
   2. Select "Appearance" and click "Effects"
   3. Desekect "Show shadows under menu items"
   4. Click "Apply" and press "Ok"

   Quicken PC Start-up:

   1. Right-click "My Computer" and click "Properties"
   2. Select "Advanced" and click "Error Reporting"
   3. Select "Disable Error Reporting" and click "Ok"

   Run in Safe/Normal Mode:

   1. Turn on or restart the computer
   2. Press F8 before the windows logo appears
   3. Use arrow keys to select Safe / Normal Mode

   To check your Internet connection to a website:

  1. Go to Start > Run
  2. Type "cmd", and press enter
  3. Type: C:\>ping -t

   -t Ping the specified host until stopped.
   To see statistics and continue - type Control-Break;
   To stop - type Control-C.
   -a Resolve addresses to hostnames.
   -n count Number of echo requests to send.
   -l size Send buffer size.
   -f Set Don't Fragment flag in packet.
   -i TTL Time To Live.
   -v TOS Type Of Service.
   -r count Record route for count hops.
   -s count Timestamp for count hops.
   -j host-list Loose source route along host-list.
   -k host-list Strict source route along host-list.
   -w timeout Timeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply.

  To check if your computer can connect to the Internet:

   To allow users in a network to use a printer:

  1. Go to Start, then select Control Panel.
  2. Select "Printers and Other Hardware"
  3. Select "Add a printer"
  4. A wizard guide will appear: select Next
  5. Select local printer, and click Next
  6. Check the "Create a new port" option
  7. Select the "Standard TCP/IP Port" option
  8. Follow the wizard until you are asked for an IP address
  9. Select a proper IP address for the printer and enter it
  10. Complete the wizard guide

   To disable password expiration for a user account:

  1. Right click "My Computer"
  2. Click Manage
  3. Select "Local Users and Groups"
  4. Open the Users folder
  5. Right click a user account
  6. Select Properties
  7. Select the General Tab
  8. Check the "Password never expires" option
  9. Click OK

   To add environment variables on your computer:

  1. Right click "My Computer"
  2. Click Properties
  3. Select the Advanced Tab
  4. Click the "Environment Variable" button
  5. Click the "New" button
  6. Type in a Variable Name
  7. Insert the location of the file/program in the Variable Value

   To add an option to the right click menu:

  1. Open "My Computer"
  2. Click Tools, and select "Folder Options"
  3. Select the "File Types" tab
  4. Click File Folder
  5. Click the Advanced button
  6. Click the New button
  7. Type the name of the new option in the Action box
  8. Insert the location of the .bat file and click OK
   Note: the .bat file contains the command for the option

  Note: Default settings for opening a folder may change
   when you add the new option

   To enable the Task Manager:

  1. Go to Start > Run
  2. Type in regedit
  3. Look for HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System
  4. Create a Dword value (e.g. enable_task_manager)
  5. Set the value to 1 (to disable task manager, set it to 0)

   To reinstall Windows XP with current desktop settings:

  1. Go to Start > Run
  2. Type in "WINNT32 /unattend"

   To use the "No To All" overwrite file feature when transferring files:

  1. Hold the Shift key
  2. Click the No button

   To improve the performance of your computer:

  1. Right click "My Computer"
  2. Click Properties
  3. Select the Advanced Tab
  4. Click the Settings button
  5. Select the "Adjust for best performance"option
  6. Click OK

   To enable Japanese text input and output:

  1. Install the following applications / updates from Microsoft on your computer:
   Japanese Language Support (ie_ja.exe)
   Global IME (Japanese) (imejpn.exe)

   Note: Make sure to download the one for Windows XP
   IME stands for Input Method Editor

  2. Use the language toolbar to type in Japanese text

   In case it does not appear on the taskbar, you can enable it by:
   1. Right click on the taskbar
   2. Select toolbars, and click Language bar
   3. Right click the language bar
   4. Select "Additional Icons in Taskbar" to check it

   On the language bar, you will see an icon. It will be labeled as:
   "EN" for English
   "JA" for Japanese

   Click on the icon and select "JA" to change it from "EN".

   On its right side, you will see another icon: Click on it to change the input mode

   To change your IP or DNS settings:

  1. Click Start > My Network Places
  2. Under network tasks, click "View network connections"
  3. Right click the "Local Area Connection" icon
  4. Click properties
  5. Select the "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)"option
  6. To change your IP address, select "Use the following IP address"
  7. To change your DNS, select "Use the following DNS server addresses"
   You can use: (Google public DNS) (Google public DNS)

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